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A protocol is a set of mutually accepted and implemented rules at both ends of the communications channel for the proper exchange of information. Protocols comprise standards which, at a basic level, include the dimensions of line setup, transmission mode, code set,

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Message Switching

1   A message is a logical unit of information and can be of any length. In message switching, if a station wishes to send a message to another station, it first adds the destination address to the message. Message switching

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Cell Switching (ATM)

Cell switching is associated with Asynchronous Transmission Mode (ATM) which is considered to be a high speed switching technology that attempted to overcome the speed problems faced by the shared media like Ethernet and FDDI. Cell switching uses a connection-oriented packet-switched

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Packet Switching

You are familiar with the-concept of switching. Circuit switching is the study of data link layer. The services of networks are provided by using the concept of packet switching. Packet switching can be used as an alternate to circuit switching. In the packet switched

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Switching Techniques

Switching Techniques – In large networks there might be multiple paths linking sender and receiver. Information may be switched as it travels through various communication channels. There are four typical switching techniques available for digital traffic. Circuit Switching Packet Switching Message Switching  Cell Switching

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